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Efoliation: When & How to Exfoliate?

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To support your daily skincare routine, you need to take some extra care over the weekend to get your skin ready for the week ahead. Although some experts recommend exfoliation as a daily routine, It is recommended that you do it once or twice a week. This is quite sufficient for good skin health.

what is exfoliation?

Exfoliation is the process of removing old, dead skin cells that remain on the outermost surface of your skin. 

It is a very important part of facial skincare and body treatment. Exfoliation leaves your skin looking and feeling fresh and smooth when done correctly. Removing dead cells allows to creams, serums, and moisturizers to penetrate the skin better and have better effect when applied after exfoliation.

When to exfoliate?

It is not necessary to carry out exfoliation every day. It is necessary only when there is enough build-up of dead cells over the skin to be detrimental to overall skin health/appearance. To know when to exfoliate, here is a simple test you can use. 
Apply a clear tape to your forehead and rub very gently. When you remove it and you see tiny pieces of flaky skin adhering to it, you need to exfoliate. 

 Exfoliation becomes even more important as you become older. As part of normal body processes, the skin renews cells at the lower layer or dermis. These rise to the surface (epidermis), keratinizing as they advance. In time, they slough off and allow new cells to take their place and the cycle goes on.

However, as we age (near the age of 40 and above), the process of cell regeneration and replacement slows down dramatically. As a result of uneven sloughing off and replacement with new cells, the skin loses its glow and becomes rough. Exfoliation is very essential in such conditions to remove the dead cells that remain on the epidermis so that new cells can take their place. 

Exfoliation is a very effective solution to many skin problems, especially those arising from or aggravated by closed pores. Checking periodically if this process is necessary and doing it as soon as the right signs appear helps keep your skin in great condition.

How to exfoliate? 

There are four ways in which you can exfoliate the dead skin cells: Granular, Cream, Enzyme and Chemical. 

Granular exfoliation: it’s best to use on young teenage skin without acne. Usually fine peach helps a lot to remove any dead skin cells. You can use a piece of a wet sponge to remove the scrub from your face. 

Cream exfoliation: is for mature skins (women between 40 and 50 years). It looks like cream and it’s applied in a thin layer and left to dry. No steam is used during this. Once it’s dry, you can rub it off with dry fingers. 

Enzyme exfoliation: is usually used with a steamer and it’s best to use on older skin types and acne skins. It is also a cream that you apply. The steamer then activates the enzymes to work on your skin. Remove it with sponges. 

Chemical exfoliation: is used to remove any spots, blemishes and acne scars from the face. Both enzyme and chemical exfoliation are done at spas, skincare studios or at medical skincare centers where experienced professionals oversee the process. 

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